Fibromyalgia (FM) is a medical condition characterized by chronic widespread pain and a heightened pain response to pressure. It is a chronic pain disorder mostly affecting women more than men. Other symptoms include tiredness, sleep problems troubles with memory. Some people also report restless legs syndrome, bowel or bladder problems, numbness and tingling, and sensitivity to noise, lights or temperature. Fibromyalgia is frequently associated with depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder.


Since Fibromyalgia is a Musculo skeletal disorder its symptoms vary greatly in intensity due to stress and anxiety in our daily routines. Listed below are a few commonly occurring symptoms:


Stress is the biggest factor that leads to worsening the related problems and symptoms.


There is a big misconception about Fibromyalgia that actually becomes dangerous at times. People think that it is not a real medical problem; in fact patients complaining about Fibromyalgia related symptoms are often given “it’s all in your head” theory that makes the situation worse right at the beginning. The physicians therefore analyze your lifestyle more than prescribing unnecessary preventive medication. According to surveys conducted on various patients people with Fibromyalgia can improvise their symptoms with lifestyle changes to improve their quality of life.


Trigger points are considered to be the tender points where even light pressure can produce pain. There are several pain trigger points in the body including but not limited to the following:

Since Fibromyalgia is not considered a disease as such by most practitioners, doctors are usually asking about the duration of pain more than the trigger points. If the pain is persistent for 3 months, it is considered to be the Fibromyalgia pain.



Fibromyalgia based on research conducted on a large number of patients is considered to be genetic to a large extent. If you have a family member with the same condition, you’re at a risk for developing it unless you work on stabilizing your work and diet plan. Genetic mutations are doubted to play a role in this condition but those genes have not been identified as yet.


At times long infections or prior illness leaves after effects, leading to trigger Fibromyalgia.

Stress & Trauma:

Stress persisting for a longer period of time is the most harmful element that results in several types of Physiological and Psychological diseases including Fibromyalgia. People gone through any type of emotional or physical trauma are very likely to develop a disorder referred to as “post-traumatic stress disorder” that further leads to developing into Fibromyalgia. The condition has been linked with post-traumatic stress disorder. Moreover, there is a hormonal imbalance that we experience during the state of stress and this also worsens the condition overall.
It is generally believed by the doctors that while patients are suffering from Fibromyalgia, the brain lowers the threshold for pain. As a result even a small pain becomes widespread and even more painful over time. The nerves and receptors become over sensitive to stimulation and overreact to pain signals.


Instant pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen are given in extreme cases without creating a permanent dependency. Based on patient condition, doctors might also recommend Antidepressants such as duloxetine and milnacipran to reduce anxiety and improvise the quality of sleep. In very serious cases doctors might give Antiseizure drugs that are primarily designed to treat Epilepsy but can also be used to treat Fibromyalgia.


Medication during this condition certainly relieves the pain immediately but there has to be a backup plan that helps you recover naturally. There are several physician recommended therapies including:

Group therapy sessions help patients to a great extent, as they share their situations and issues with each other. They also learn how to cope with stress and pain in their daily routines. A healthy balanced diet also keeps the hormonal imbalance under control. Patients are advised to eat fruits and vegetables, drink plenty of water, lose extra weight by walking and exercise, reduce the sugar intake as much as possible and eat vegetables more than meat.


Patients respond well to these treatments with good improvement in pain, anxiety, depression and activities of daily life.