Arthritis: Causes, Types and Treatments

Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. It can influence one joint or numerous joints. There are in excess of 100 distinct sorts of joint pain, with various causes and treatment techniques. Two of the most widely recognized types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid joint pain (RA).

The side effects of Arthritis normally develop over time; however, they may likewise show up suddenly. Joint pain is most generally found in grown-ups beyond 65 years old, yet it can likewise develop in youngsters, teens, and younger adults. Arthritis is more common in ladies than men and in individuals who are overweight.

What are the symptoms?

The most common signs of arthritis involve the joints. Depending on the type of arthritis you have, your symptoms may include:

Your range of motion may also decrease, and you may experience redness of the skin around the joint. Many people with arthritis notice their symptoms are worse in the morning. You may feel tired or face a loss of appetite due to the inflammation the immune system’s activity causes. You may also experience red blood cell count decreases — or have a slight fever. Severe Arthritis can cause joint deformity if left untreated.

What causes arthritis?

As we mentioned the two main types of arthritis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis, damage joints in different ways.

Osteoarthritis

It involves wear-and-tear damage to your joint’s cartilage, slick coating on the ends of bones where they form a joint. Cartilage cushions the ends of the bones and allows nearly frictionless joint motion, but enough damage can result in bone grinding directly on bone, which causes pain and restricted movement. This wear and tear can occur over many years, or it can be hastened by a joint injury or infection.

Osteoarthritis also affects the entire joint. It causes changes in the bones and deterioration of the connective tissues that attach muscle to bone and hold the joint together. It also causes inflammation of the joint lining.

Rheumatoid arthritis

In rheumatoid arthritis, the body’s immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule, a tough membrane that encloses all the joint parts. This lining (synovial membrane) becomes inflamed and swollen. The disease process can eventually destroy cartilage and bone within the joint.

Risk factors may include Family history, age, previous joint injury, or obesity

What are the possible treatment of arthritis?

Treatment might involve: